[ISN] Zero-Day Exploit Exposes RealPlayer Users to Attack

InfoSec News isn at c4i.org
Wed Sep 28 00:46:40 EDT 2005


By Ryan Naraine 
September 27, 2005 

An independent security researcher on Tuesday posted an advisory -
with zero-day exploit code—for a potentially dangerous security hole
in media players marketed by RealNetworks Inc.

The vulnerability, which remains unpatched, has been confirmed in
RealPlayer version (gold) and affects only the Linux/Unix

Security alerts aggregator Secunia Inc. rates the bug as "highly
critical" and warned that a malicious hacker could run a successful
exploit to take complete control of a vulnerable machine.

The vulnerability was discovered and reported to RealNetworks by a
researcher known simply as "c0ntex."

In a warning posted to the Open-Security Web site, the researcher
described the issue as a "remotely exploitable format string
vulnerability" that allows an attacker to "execute a remote shell
under the permissions of the user running the media player."

He said the bug affects all versions of RealPlayer and Helix Player
(Unix and Linux) and can be exploited by manipulating media files,
including ".rp" (RealPix) and ".rt" (RealText) file formats.

In the advisory, "c0ntex" provides a detailed explanation of the flaw
and code that can be used to launch an attack. The exploit code was
reproduced at FrSIRT (French Security Incident Response Team), a Web
site that is widely used by underground hackers.

"To exploit this remotely, [an attacker] just needs to place the
created file on a Web site and provide a link so users can click the
file, launching RealPlayer and exploiting the vulnerability," he

Software vendors, including big names like Microsoft Corp. and Oracle
Corp., have sharply criticized third-party hackers who release flaw
warnings and zero-day proof-of-concept exploits, insisting that the
practice puts users at risk of attack.

In this case, "c0ntex" said he was working privately with RealNetworks
on a patch but decided to release the exploit to prevent someone from
stealing his work.

"[I]t seems someone is trying to pinch my research, as such I have
been forced to release this advisory sooner than hoped. Until
[RealNetworks can] get a new release out, do not play untrusted media
with RealPlayer or Helix Player," the researcher said.

He even added an apology to the Seattle-based digital media delivery

This is not the only unpatched flaw in the RealPlayer software. eEye
Digital Security's list of upcoming advisories includes two high-risk
vulnerabilities in the widely deployed media player.

According to eEye, RealNetworks has been working on a fix since early
July. Both flaws could open the door for malicious code execution

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